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Cloud Computing Architecture: What Is Front End and Back End?

Cloud Computing Architecture: What Is Front End and Back End?

Cloud Computing Architecture: What Is Front End and Back End?

The front end of a networked system is the side that a user, client, or customer sees. The back end is everything that happens behind the scenes that is not necessarily seen by the user. Access to networked services may be through a front end that is a web-based interface, a website, a mobile app, or some other type of digital portals such as a monitor display on a kiosk or an ATM. The back end is everything the user does not normally see and the things that process the information. This includes the network connectivity, the cloud hardware including servers, and the cloud-based software applications that run on the cloud servers. Where does the computational work happen? Frequently, the back end does most of the computational processing except for systems with edge-computing capabilities. With edge computing, some computational processing is pushed out towards the front end to be processed by the devices used to access the services. Cloud computing is based on a client-server relationship. In cloud computing architecture, the front end is also known as the client. The back end is the cloud servers and their applications. Any Front-End Device Anytime from Anywhere The networked systems that function the best are those designed to accommodate as many devices as possible, even those running on different operating systems. Moreover, if the interface connects via the Internet, the system should support all the popular web browsers. The front end includes the hardware and the software used by the person to access the cloud services. The hardware could be any device such as a digital notepad, a laptop, a desktop computer, a smartphone, or any other connected device. The front-end device may respond to human control or operate autonomously. With the explosive growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) , billions of new front-end devices are being added to the network. The connectivity of these IoT devices will be further enabled by the deployment of the 5G wireless mobile technology that is already underway in many countries. Front End Cloud Technology Capabilities The advantages of cloud technology include the ability to access a wide variety of cloud-based services using many choices of front-end devices from the simple to the sophisticated. The communication protocols allow many kinds of hardware technology to work with cloud services. Simple Device An example of a simple device is a so-called “dumb” terminal. These are simple connectivity devices with no capability to do any computational processing on their own. All the data processing is done by cloud-based software applications. Device to Device Communication A front end can be a software program. Software programs communicate with cloud services by using an application programming interface (API). Sophisticated Device In the case of sophisticated front-end devices, extensive computational processing can be done by the device and the results sent to the cloud service for further processing, communications, and storage. An example of more sophisticated front-end devices is a game player that connects via the Internet to enable multi-player games […]

5 Ways Cloud Computing Will Change This Year

5 Ways Cloud Computing Will Change This Year

5 Ways Cloud Computing Will Change This Year

Multicloud strategies reached new levels of adoption in 2018, with a recent survey from Virtustream finding that 86 percent of enterprises are turning to a multicloud approach . But despite considerable adoption, multicloud’s prominence is likely to grow even further in 2019 as organizations try to avoid vendor lock-in, granting themselves greater flexibility in deploying the most relevant cloud technology across different departments and functions. While a multicloud approach offers the added bonus of improving ROI, the aspects that are most appealing to enterprises are increased performance and autonomy. A multicloud approach permits organizations to deploy a mix of cloud apps to suit their needs across the business, while at the same time technologies such as Kubernetes can be used to containerize and deploy applications across different cloud providers when necessary. MORE FROM BIZTECH: Check out how cloud security can reduce friction for users. 1. The Shift from Automation to AI in the Cloud The increasing size and complexity of cloud deployments mean that IT teams must now pay careful attention to where and how the cloud runs. As such, there has been a widespread shift to the automation of monitoring, resource allocation and troubleshooting within the cloud. Upscaling this automation of processes into true, adaptable artificial intelligence is the next step, one that will likely take hold in 2019, arising from the fluid nature of cloud use. The rise of a multicloud approach, alongside the fear of vendor lock-in, has resulted in less static cloud strategies, meaning businesses will need to embrace adaptable process automation in order to sustain multicloud infrastructures. Concepts such as autohealing are of undeniable value to any cloud team, but without truly adaptable AI, it will be increasingly difficult for them keep up within the shifting complexity of the cloud landscape. SEE MORE: Get help sorting through the dizzying array of cloud and on-premises computing options. 2. Major Public Cloud Providers Will Differentiate In some ways, 2019 will be business as usual for the major public cloud providers . The current Infrastructure as a Service model is well entrenched in today’s businesses, and providers welcome any new technology that drives CPU and RAM consumption. However, with multicloud becoming the norm, the major players will have to prove their worth to an enterprise’s IT strategy more than ever before . To do this, major cloud providers will look to differentiate themselves based on their strengths. For example, Google will likely focus on its AI credentials, while Microsoft will zero in on its workload migration capabilities. This differentiation will be important for the incumbents as it could be the year they come under increasing pressure from other public cloud players. IBM ’s acquisition of Red Hat signals potential competition in the cloud space, while companies outside the U.S. continue to improve their capabilities locally, undoubtedly with an eye on international expansion. MORE FROM BIZTECH: Check out how three companies chose the right infrastructure. 3. Businesses Will Seek to Manage Containers at Scale Almost universally, businesses have […]

6 Applications of Cloud Computing Your Enterprise Should Use

6 Applications of Cloud Computing Your Enterprise Should Use

6 Applications of Cloud Computing Your Enterprise Should Use

It’s no stretch to say that you can do basically anything in the cloud . In the past decade, the number of tasks that can be natively performed in a cloud environment has grown exponentially. With the rise of everything-as-a-service (XaaS) and the constant growth of public cloud offerings, cloud computing has more potential uses now than ever before. The potential applications of cloud computing for enterprises are, in a word, endless. Business that adopt the cloud gain the ability to take advantage of these applications. By doing so, they can get the most out of their cloud environment while maintaining their business productivity. These applications can be specific to certain verticals or markets, but this article will focus on uses that any enterprise, regardless of industry, can (and should) implement. Read on to discover 6 applications of cloud computing that your company should consider taking advantage of. File storage and sharing This is perhaps the most common use for cloud computing for any cloud user, including enterprises. Storing files on a cloud environment means you store them in an easily-accessible location. Your company can keep your files on an off-premise environment that eliminates the need to maintain physical servers yourself. Off-site file storage also makes it easier for your enterprise to share the files with others, as you don’t have to rely on your own hardware to host the data. Database building Building a database for every one of your enterprise’s projects is not only tedious, but also resource-intensive. Rather than build a physical database, businesses can take advantage of the cloud’s scalable resources to maintain virtual databases. Not only does this reduce your physical infrastructure, it can also grow or shrink depending on the enterprise’s needs, promoting cost and resource efficiency. Application and website hosting Hosting applications and websites on your infrastructure can be a huge resource strain. By hosting applications and websites in the cloud, you’ll free up those resources that your enterprise can apply to other important projects. This also provides a way for enterprises to scale their applications and websites by using the abundant supply of cloud resources. Big data analytics Enterprises generate and analyze countless amounts of data on a daily basis. Because of the computing power necessary to store that data, not to mention perform an analysis on it, companies traditionally needed to build a powerful architecture. Now, thanks to the cloud, your enterprise can run the data analysis off-premise, saving resources for other projects. Disaster recovery Storing a backup of your company’s data infrastructure in the case of an emergency is one of the smartest practices an enterprise can take. Every business should have a disaster recovery strategy in mind, and the cloud is a perfect system to use for it. A cloud backup is stored off-site, which means that if a disaster completely knocks out your on-premise infrastructure, your data will be unaffected. Data archiving and cold storage Often, enterprises store data that they aren’t currently using, but still keep […]

4 Things You Need to Know About Cloud Computing

4 Things You Need to Know About Cloud Computing

4 Things You Need to Know About Cloud Computing

Enterprises that integrate the cloud into their infrastructure need at least some basic knowledge of how it works. Cloud computing is still a relatively new technology and is constantly expanding in terms of what it can do. The cloud is certainly attractive for companies, but how many businesses can say with certainty that they understand the cloud? Knowing the basics of cloud computing is one thing. Being prepared to integrate cloud computing is something else entirely. Enterprises looking to implement a cloud deployment need to plan a smart, informed strategy before they begin their cloud journey. Below, we’ve outlined 4 cloud computing ideas and concepts that enterprises need to know about. You only pay for the resources you use The benefit of cloud computing most often cited by providers is cost efficiency. Specifically, vendors highlight a “pay-as-you-use” pricing model that gives the cloud a cost advantage over traditional, on-premise deployments. Instead of paying a flat rate for a set amount of resources, this pricing model only charges users for the resources and infrastructure that they use. It should be understood that this pricing model does not guarantee that every cloud deployment will cost less than a strictly on-premise infrastructure. However, in terms overall cost compared to usage, the pay-as-you-use model provides a huge financial benefit to enterprises. Your data could be stored anywhere in the world When you store data in a cloud environment, you (typically) aren’t storing the data on servers that your company can’t physically access. Instead, your cloud provider operates the server in a separate, usually remote location. Depending on the vendor’s size, they could be managing servers in several different locations around the world. Your data could be stored on any one of them. It’s important to understand where exactly your data is stored, and your provider should give you this information upfront in their service-level agreement (SLA). Not every task should be done in the cloud Part of what defines a successful cloud strategy is knowing what tasks your enterprise should and shouldn’t run in the cloud. The cloud can be used to handle a large number of operations, both business-critical and trivial. That doesn’t necessarily mean, however, that your business should do everything in the cloud that it can. While enterprises may be able to perform an important function in the cloud, it may be too difficult for your enterprise to change their workflow to adopt a cloud solution. You’re still responsible for securing your cloud environment Even though another provider sets up your cloud environment, you still have a responsibility to keep your cloud secure. The provider will enact specific security protocols and procedures, but they also expect you to follow best practices for security. Your provider’s SLA should outline exactly what the provider and user is responsible for in regards to security. You should also know every security measure that the cloud vendor implements to keep your environment secure. Our MSP Buyer’s Guide contains profiles on the top cloud MSP vendors […]

Ten steps you should consider on your way into the cloud

Ten steps you should consider on your way into the cloud

Ten steps you should consider on your way into the cloud

According to a recent study [1] it can be assumed that more than 50% of companies worldwide will use at least one public cloud platform. In Germany, even 66% of companies rely on cloud computing services. [2] The corresponding outsourcing of processing capacity, storage capability and obligations is one of the major drivers for the online “data explosion”. [3] The European Commission also recognised that the use of cloud computing services substantially benefits the European economy. [4] However, from a legal perspective, it is not relevant whether you are using the cloud solutions of Microsoft, Oracle, Amazon, IBM or any other company. In this article, I want to talk about 10 crucial steps you should consider on your journey into the cloud. 1. Implementation of an IT project management Did you know that 52 per cent of all IT projects are only completed with little success? 19 per cent even result in a complete failure. [5] Considering that most IT projects involve six-figure costs, this is rather shocking. The solution: A clearly documented and sophisticated IT project management. Planning, implementation, controlling, communication and resource management processes are essential – irrespective of whether you are dealing with a sequential or agile project or whether you apply the “scrum” methodology. An orderly process involves time and money, however, chaos even more. Due to an established rule of thumb it makes sense to implement an IT project management process in connection with a contract value exceeding EUR 15.000. [6] 2.Target definition You should clearly define the essential requirements of your business. Which storage capacity, data transfer rate, security standards, flexibility, licences are necessary in connection with the business model? Is your current IT infrastructure compatible with the preferred cloud solution? Is it necessary that the systems provide for high availability and can they be implemented? Would you agree to data transfers to third countries? Is there already an established exit scenario? How do you prevent “lock-in” effects? How important is usability? Do you want to use standard or custom-made software? Is your business partner financially sound? As soon as you have a clear idea about the technical, organisational, business, security specific and legal issues, you should define the corresponding specifications. 3. Cloud versus data processing centre Regarding to business and security specific issues it should be clarified whether the company’s data should be stored in the cloud or “on premise” at its own data processing centre. In particular, the requirements of the security of the property (physical protection against unlawful access, video surveillance, principle of double control, security personnel), requirements of the system’s failures safety (redundant hardware, network connections and electric power lines), backup strategies as well as the prevention of cyber-attacks should be carefully considered. [7] 4. Data security Does your contractor ensure an adequate level of data protection? Does the level of data protection comply with the state of the art? In order to assess these requirements, it is possible to some extent to rely on IT specific certificates. ISO […]

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